REUNIFICATION OF INDIA AND PAKISTAN by Smriti Agrawal

It has been more than seven decades since India got
its independence. Also, it has been seventy – two years of the partition of
India into two major parts. The policy of “DIVIDE AND RULE” of British Raj
became successful, leading to the emergence of Pak-i-stan as demanded by the
leaders of Muslim League and its followers. In congruence with intense racial
feelings between Hindus and Muslims, Muslim League leader Mohammed Ali Jinnah,
an exceptionally bright and competent lawyer, had initiated upon a campaign
demanding a separate Muslim state, as a result of which Pakistan came into
existence. May be this was the need of that hour, but what now. Can India and
Pakistan ever get reunified or this will just remain a mere dream? To answer
this question, this article will talk about the national aspect which includes
the social, economic, political aspects and international aspect of the
reunification of India and Pakistan and its consequences.

NATIONAL ASPECTS

SOCIAL ASPECT

Talking about social aspect in the reunification of
India and Pakistan, we will find disadvantages more than advantages. The
feeling of social integration, unity, solidarity, fraternity, may never be
found in the hearts of the citizens of both the nations. The one of the main
reasons behind this is that the Pakistan is the house of terror. It is the
largest promoter of terrorism. It is the foremost terror-funding state in the
whole world. The terrorist like Masood Azhar, who has now been declared the global
terrorist by the United Nations and the terrorists like Hafiz Saeed,
Jaish-e-Mohammad, etc. are living peacefully in the Pakistan as no actions are
being taken against them. Instead they are being given protection. The
terrorist attacks like URI and PULWAMA by Pakistani military on Indian military
forces were the most devious and heinous acts done by the Pakistanis. These
kinds of acts will never lead to social integration between the two nations.
The day-to-day firings, crossings on LOC, etc. lead to social unrest and riots
between the armies of both the nations. If India and Pakistan is to be
reunified, Pakistan has to deal with its terrorists in the first place. India
will whole-heartedly help Pakistan in this noble cause. But Pakistan has to
take the first step towards it. May be after this, the nations can be reunified
and the citizens of both the nations accept each other happily. But obviously,
this seems to be a mere dream only.

ECONOMIC ASPECT

Economically speaking, the Pakistan is going through
a very tough time. The rate of inflation is 4.1% of its total GDP and the
unemployment rate is, somewhat, 4.0%. Pakistan has already been grey listed by
the international terror financing watchdog Financial Action Task Force – FATF
and is on the verge of getting black listed. If Pakistan continues with the
grey list, then it would be very difficult for the country to get financial aid
from the International Monetary Fund – IMF. If Pakistan wants financial aid
from IMF and World Bank, it has to fulfill the certain conditions of FATF.
While India is also going through an economic slowdown, but it is temporary. As
we all know that India is the fastest growing economy in the world, it has the
potential to revive its economy. If India and Pakistan gets reunified at this
time, then it will be a thing of benefit for Pakistan. But to reunite with
India, all Pakistan has to do is to stop the terror-financing. All other
nations like USA, Saudi Arabia, and even China have refused to help Pakistan.
Therefore, the only resort Pakistan is having is to fulfill the conditions of
FATF to revive its economy. If Pakistan fails to do so, then this will have an
adverse effect on India, if both reunified.

POLITICAL ASPECT

If we talk about the political aspect of the
reunification of India and Pakistan, India is a purely democratic country,
while Pakistan is a military rule under the veil of democracy. Also, Pakistan
is a terror-hub. The reason behind the terrorism deepens its roots in Pakistan
is because of its government and its armed forces. If the government of
Pakistan and its military wanted, they would have restricted it. It is because
of the government and military’s outlook that Pakistan became the world’s
number one terrorist country. If India and Pakistan reunites, then the question
of who will rule will become the major hurdle in its reunification. Logically
speaking, the ruler should be of India as Pakistan is a part of India and India
is more powerful, both ethically and physically. But it will not be an easy
task as the social riots will definitely take place. The divide between Hindus
and Muslims might get wider and deeper. Thus, the reunification brings with it
a lot of disadvantages than advantages. Therefore, it seems that reunification
should not take place as the governments of both the countries are totally at
the opposite ends in terms of their policies and outlook.

INTERNATIONAL ASPECT

While talking about reunification of India and
Pakistan keeping in mind the international aspects, here also, the demerits are
leading the merits. Pakistan, at international level, is a terror promoting
state. Pakistan has no impact on the world level. It can be justified by
witnessing how badly it was treated when no one extend their hands to help it
in its financial

crisis. No one said in favor of Pakistan, except
China, when Masood Azhar was being declared global terrorist by United Nations.
When URI and PULWAMA attacks took place, no one stand by Pakistan, while India
has a strong opinion in all international matters. When India did the SURGICAL
STRIKE and AIR STRIKE, everyone applauded India for its great move and effort
to tackle terrorism. India has great international relations. If the
reunification of India and Pakistan tends to happen, the problem of terrorism
might be tackled to some extent. Pakistan will be benefitted from the
international relations of India. Together, both the nations have a strong
impact on the world level. But the image of Pakistan at the global level is not
that good. It may have adverse effects on India in terms of trade, terror, etc.
Thus, internationally also, it will not be an easy task to reunify India and
Pakistan.

CONCLUSION

As we all know that every coin has two sides. In
the same way, reunification of India and Pakistan has some merits as well as
demerits. However, the demerits are more than the merits. While describing the
social aspects, we have already seen that it will be difficult for the people
of both the nations to accept each other. There will be social unrest in
reunifying India and Pakistan. The major problem is terrorism. Coming to
economic aspects, India is a leading exporter of spices to Pakistan. The river
Indus is the main source of water for Pakistan. If Pakistan and India reunited,
the exports of India decline. India, also, is an importer of dry fruits from
Pakistan. But the exports of India are more than its imports. Now talking about
the political aspects, India is a democratic country while Pakistan is under
the martial rule. The PM of Pakistan and his/her cabinet are only the dancing
dolls of the military. This will create a major problem in the functioning and
autonomy if both the countries reunified. Coming to international aspects at
last, the reunification of India and Pakistan will only leads to the benefit of
Pakistan. The problem of terrorism, again, will become a major and foremost
problem in the reunification of both the countries.

Therefore, if India and Pakistan gets reunified,
there will be more of disadvantages than advantages. To reunite India and
Pakistan, first of all, the hurdles coming in between have to be tackled. The
problem of terrorism, financial crisis from the end of Pakistan, feelings of
the citizens of both the countries, etc. have to be solved to reunify India and
Pakistan.

In today’s context or in the
present scenario, the reunification of India and Pakistan seems to be a mere
dream.

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