Law is one of the popular career choices in our country for a long time. Students interested in making a career in law can either do a three-year law course after graduation in any discipline or a 5 years’ course after 12th class. In fact, the 3 years’ course is now giving way to the 5 years’ one which is seen as a better option. In most cases, colleges run the 3 years’ course only for those whose main discipline in graduation is something other than law, or working professionals who want to do an LLB as an additional qualification. The five-year course is meant for those who want to take up law as a career – be it as a litigator, or any other kind of legal professional.
Career options after law in India
Advocacy is one of the chief professions chosen by LLB graduates. The traditional career path is to“practice law” in the courts. Before becoming a good advocate, every aspirant has to first gather some experience as a Junior assistant with a senior advocate. This involves drafting files and studying legal documents and cases. The graduates are then supposed to qualify a Bar Exam before they join the Courts of Law. Therefore, after knowing the various aspects of the law, they would be ready to work as an independent lawyer. Litigation provides a wide range of employment options in both private and public spheres.
Students are also free to work for the Judicial machinery of Country as a Judge or Magistrate. This requires them to pass a Judicial examination conducted by State Judicial Services Examination. The State Judicial Services Examination organized by the High Courts for their respective states is a safe and sound option for those of you, who wish to pursue a stable government career. One may also opt for the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, which is the most prestigious examination in the country. The lowest post of the Magistrate, Subjudge, or Munsif is filled up by the latest recruitments through Public Service Commission or by the supervision of High Court. The Magistrate judges the Criminal cases and the Sub Judge decides the Civil Cases. Through promotion, these judges could become district judges and also attain higher posts.
You may work with a company/corporate entity as an in-house legal advisor, exhorting on legal issues relating to the business. An in-house advisor assumes a significant job in drafting, confirming and negotiating contracts; guaranteeing and observing consistency with standards and laws; and dealing with legal disputes.
Private Sector: One may join Multi-National Corporations, Private organizations, Private Banks, and so forth.
Public Sector: Counsels are likewise required in Government Agencies, Public Sector Undertakings, Public and Nationalized banks, and so on. These administrative associations, for the most part, select legal advisors through a composed aggressive test pursued by a meeting.
Students with impressive academic ability and with the skill of explaining and narrating different topics to a group of people are good fits to become a lecturer in recognized Universities or a Law Colleges. It is a career that not only allows you to pursue your intellectual interests and work on research projects but also offers a wide degree of flexibility and autonomy and pays you to read, talk and think.
Legal Processing Outsourcing (LPO) is the delegation of core legal functions like making first drafts of cases, compliance work, legal research, etc. to an external counsel. The assigned task is completed on the basis of set parameters and fixed timelines.
Media and Law
If you excel at writing, and you understand the law well, then this profession is the right one for you. If you are capable of writing and editing law books used by law students or if you are able to write legal reports for various publications or newspapers, this job would fit you well. You can also work with a journalist as a guide who guides them all the time. It includes law reporting and law publishing.
Law graduates could join law firms or corporate firm and conduct analyses regarding the law sphere about the company and its functions. This requires aspirants to own a license in order to practice law.
One who has an interest in the governance of the country or if you have a political background, you can enter politics if you are an LLB graduate. This is helped by the fact that you will have deep knowledge regarding all three domains of the government- Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. This allows them to contribute actively to the nation and become a politician.
However, joining politics does not mandate any educational qualification, but there are several of the top political leaders in the country who are law graduates.
One who wants to study further about law can choose to study LLM. This will help out in gaining a specialised view on a particular branch of law and you would be able to master that particular section. This might also be an opportunity to choose a career path as the specialization means that they would spend their time in that area of law. An LLM course will not just help you gain a deeper perspective, but it will help you get jobs that pay you better.
A legal researcher is someone responsible for researching various cases and finding ways to win a case. It includes general topics regarding the laws. In other words, they are the ones that the lawyers hire in order to gain a deeper insight into the cases and legal nuances. Therefore, this is also an interesting profession for you if you are an LLB graduate.
These are business entities engaged in the practice of law. A noticeable trend that has emerged in the last few years is to shift from solo practice to well-organized law firms, which comprise several lawyers working together as one entity. As part of a law firm, one advises clients about their legal rights and recourses as well as other legal matters.